The Tea Partiers have been calling for caffeine during pregnancy, a claim that’s come under fire after a study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (JCEM) suggested that caffeine could potentially impair the development of a fetus.
The study, which was funded by the American Heart Association, also found that women who consume caffeine during their pregnancy had a 3- to 4-fold increase in risk of having preterm delivery.
In the study, published in January, researchers used a sample of 1,063 women who had taken part in the Iowa Women’s Health Study to determine if caffeine consumption during pregnancy was associated with preterm birth.
The study found that the average caffeine consumption in the participants was about three to four cups per day.
The women who consumed the most caffeine during the study had a higher rate of preterm births.
The results suggest that caffeine consumption could be a factor in the higher rate in the women who did not have preterm deliveries.
A spokesperson for the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) told HuffPost that the organization has not yet had a chance to review the study.
“We are not aware of this study at this time,” the spokesperson told HuffPost.
“ACOG is reviewing the study and will make a decision on the safety of caffeine in pregnancy based on the results.”
The spokesperson said that ACOG would also take into consideration any possible adverse effects of caffeine consumption while pregnant.
Dr. Christine McQuaid, a co-author of the study who was a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at University of California, Los Angeles, told ABC News that while caffeine might be a potential factor in preterm labor, it’s not the cause.
“There’s no evidence that caffeine is harmful to the fetus,” McQuaysaid.
“There are some studies that have suggested it can affect fetal development.
There is a lot of research that suggests there are other risks associated with that, including heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and cancer.
So, I don’t think there is a direct cause and effect relationship between caffeine and preterm pregnancy.”
McQuays said that, while the association between caffeine consumption and pre-term birth has been well documented in the medical literature, she believes that the study provides evidence that women are at greater risk for preterm development.
“I think it really supports what the American Cancer Society said about not just the risk of breast cancer, but the risk for endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer,” she said.
“I think this is really important information for people to understand.”
According to the ACOG, there are several reasons that caffeine might increase the risk that a woman may have a preterm baby.
“If a woman drinks coffee or tea during pregnancy and her coffee or teas contain caffeine, she may have an increased risk of pre-eclampsia and a higher risk of miscarriage,” the ACOG spokesperson told ABC.
“A woman who drinks coffee may have higher risk for breast cancer.
It’s not known if the caffeine itself is a factor, but it could increase the chance of a pre-existing risk.”
In a statement to ABC News, Dr. Michelle McQuay said that she agrees with the ACOAG, which said that the results of the Caffeinated Birth Cohort Study are “strongly suggestive” that caffeine may be a contributing factor in increased risk.
“This study provides the strongest evidence yet that there is some evidence to suggest that exposure to caffeine during labor and delivery can affect the development and development of the fetus and that exposure may be more important than consumption in pre- and postnatal life,” Mcquaysaid in the statement.
But Dr. McQuayer said that if the ACOHG decides to review its findings, the decision will be made in consultation with a medical professional who is “well-versed in the scientific literature” on caffeine and pregnancy.
“Our concern is that ACOH will not consider any of the scientific evidence as conclusive and would not be able to draw any conclusions based on that evidence,” she told ABC, adding that the ACPOI does not recommend women avoid caffeine during or after pregnancy.
McQuayer also stressed that, in order to prevent preterm babies, women should consume a high-quality, well-balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, legumes, and whole grains that are rich in antioxidants.
“The diet should contain enough fruits, veggies, whole-grain, and omega-3 fatty acids,” McQueesaid.
While McQuayers stance on caffeine seems to be a lot more nuanced than the ACOOG, the ACSOI does agree with her.
“We believe that caffeine should be a dietary choice that is informed by the evidence available to us, but that